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Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs: This year's summer grain output 2922.600 million pounds is still the second highest on record

Release time: 2023-10-24

      On the morning of October 23, The State Council held a press conference to introduce the operation of the agricultural and rural economy in the first three quarters of 2023。Zeng Yande, chief agronomist of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and director of the Development Planning Department, said at the meeting that the output of summer grain this year was 2922.600 million pounds, still at the second highest level in history。

      Zeng Yande said that since the beginning of this year, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has made every effort to ensure stable production and supply, focused on consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation, endeavoring to broaden the channels for farmers to increase income and get rich, increased efforts to summarize and promote the experience of Zhejiang's "ten million project", and comprehensively promoted rural development and construction governance, and the agricultural and rural economy has shown a stable and good trend。It is mainly manifested in the following seven aspects:

      First, we had another good harvest of grain throughout the year, and our ability to ensure food supply steadily improved。This year's grain production has overcome the impact of rare "bad rain" in the Huanghuai River, severe flooding in northeast China, and local drought in Northwest China, and the output is expected to hit a record high, remaining at 1.More than 3 trillion pounds。Summer grain and early rice harvest。The output of summer grain is 2922.600 million jin, slightly less than the previous year 25.500 million pounds, still at the second highest level in history。Early rice yield 566.700 million pounds, an increase of 4.300 million jin, four consecutive years of production increase。An increase in autumn grain production is a foregone conclusion。The area of autumn grain was stable and increased. In addition to local disasters, the matching of light and warm water was good in most areas, and the overall trend of increasing production was good。The results of soybean oil seed expansion were consolidated。Soybean area remained stable at 1.More than 500 million mu, the implementation of soybean and corn belt compound planting area of 20 million mu。Rapeseed area and production achieved "double increase", and other oil crops such as peanuts and oil sunflower also showed a stable yield trend。

      Second, the supply of "vegetable basket" products is sufficient, and the market is generally stable。Pig production is developing steadily。In the first three quarters, pork production was 43.01 million tons, an increase of 3.6%。At the end of September, the national breeding sow inventory was 42.4 million, and the production capacity was more abundant, and the market supply was guaranteed in the later period。Beef, sheep and poultry meat increased across the board。The output of cattle, sheep and poultry meat was 26.73 million tons, an increase of 4.4%, poultry egg production of 25.52 million tons, an increase of 2.1%, milk production 29.04 million tons, an increase of 7.2%, domestic aquatic product output 4733.60,000 tons, an increase of 4.8%。The supply of vegetables and fruits increased。In early October, the national vegetable field area was more than 100 million mu, an increase of more than 1.4 million mu year-on-year。The fruit yield is stable and the variety is rich。Overall, the "vegetable basket" market has sufficient supply and stable prices。

      Third, to help the industrial development of classification, poverty alleviation achievements have been consolidated。Monitoring and assistance measures are accurate and effective。By the end of September, 22 provinces in central and western China had 63.Five percent of the monitored subjects have eliminated the risk of falling back into poverty, and the rest have implemented support measures。Industries with distinctive features in poverty-stricken areas have developed steadily。In accordance with the requirements of consolidating the development of a batch, upgrading the development of a batch, invigorating a batch, and starting a new batch, we guided all localities to take precise policies and promote the development of the help industry in a classified manner。The proportion of central government subsidies for promoting rural revitalization used for industrial development has reached 60%。The task of supporting employment was exceeded。The number of people working in poverty alleviation (including those monitored for preventing the return to poverty) was 32.97 million, exceeding the annual target 277.8万人。Cooperation between the eastern and western regions and social assistance were deepened。

      Fourth, facilities and equipment conditions continued to improve, and the construction of modern agriculture made solid progress。Continued efforts were made to protect and develop cultivated land。From January to August, we completed the construction of 44.7 million mu of high-standard farmland, and coordinated the development of 11.61 million mu of efficient water-saving irrigation area。Solid progress was made in revitalizing the seed industry。The national survey of agricultural germplasm resources has come to an end, major agricultural biological breeding projects have been launched, and pilot projects for the industrial application of genetically modified corn and soybeans have yielded notable results。Breakthroughs were made in making up for weaknesses in agricultural machinery and equipment。320 horsepower continuously variable speed tractor, electric drive precision seeder successful mass production application, regenerative rice harvester, rape transplanter and other products are basically mature。

      Fifth, rural industries to enrich the people have been nurtured and strengthened, and farmers' incomes have maintained steady growth。The agricultural product processing industry developed steadily。From January to September, the added value of agricultural and sideline food processing industry above designated size increased by 0.4%。In September, the purchasing managers' index (PMI) of the national key leading enterprises in agricultural industrialization was 62.8%, enterprises are more confident about the future market。The value of agricultural functions continues to expand。In the first three quarters, rural leisure tourism recovered steadily。Online retail sales of agricultural products maintained double-digit growth。Industrial integration is making steady progress。We will build 50 national modern agricultural industrial parks, 40 industrial clusters with advantages and characteristics, and 200 towns with strong agricultural industries, so that more farmers can find jobs nearby。Data from the National Bureau of Statistics show that the per capita disposable income of rural residents in the first three quarters of this year was 15,705 yuan, a real increase of 7 percent after deducting price factors.3%。

      Sixth, rural construction has been carried out in an orderly manner, and living conditions in rural areas have been continuously improved。Improvement of rural living environment。More than 73 percent of rural residents have access to sanitary toilets, and more than 90 percent of administrative villages receive and transport domestic waste。More than 95 percent of the villages have carried out cleaning operations, and the appearance of the villages has significantly improved。Rural public infrastructure continued to improve。To guide local governments in compiling lists of rural construction tasks, improve county-level rural construction project repositories, improve infrastructure conditions, and enhance public services。The efficiency of rural governance has steadily improved。The coverage of the inventory system, the points system, and the digital governance model has continued to expand, and a number of new rural governance model towns and villages have been created nationwide。Rural cultural and sports activities were vigorously carried out, and the "Chinese Farmers' Harvest Festival" was splendid, and the fields were filled with the joy of harvest。

      Seventh, rural reform was deepened and the vitality of development was further enhanced。Steady progress was made in key areas of reform。We will expand the scope of trials to extend the second round of land contracts for another 30 years after their expiration, publish measures for the management of rural land contracts, advance trials to standardize the transfer and transaction of rural property rights in an orderly manner, and continue to deepen trials to reform the rural housing land system。New types of agricultural operators developed and grew。By the end of September, there were more than 2.22 million farmers' cooperatives and 4 million family farms, and more than 1.07 million social service organizations for agriculture。The import and export of agricultural products increased steadily。The total volume of imports and exports reached 2,510.$300 million, an increase of 1.1%。Among them, 1788 were imported.$300 million, an increase of 1.8%, exports 72.2 billion US dollars, an increase of 0.4%。

      On the whole, in the first three quarters of this year, we had another good harvest in agriculture, a steady increase in rural incomes, and stability in rural areas. This provided strong support for sustained economic recovery, accelerated the establishment of a new development pattern, and focused on high-quality development。In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will, in accordance with the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and The State Council, increase work efforts, strengthen the implementation of measures, fully complete the tasks of agricultural and rural economic development throughout the year, stabilize the basic plate of agriculture, consolidate the "ballast stone" of agriculture and agriculture, and lay a solid material foundation for stable economic and social development。

       (Source: China News Network